In this third episode, Nick and Dave continue their discussion of the basic structure of an argument. They discuss how to distinguish between reasons (premises) and conclusions. They talk about premise indicators (like “because”) and conclusion indicators (like “so,” “therefore,” and “thus”). They also talk about conclusion-first and conclusion-last arguments. Click here to listen.
Nick: Welcome back to Critically Minded (Critical Thinking For 2nd Language Learners). I’m Nick.
Dave: And I’m David.
Nick: As you may remember, last time we were discussing how arguments are organized. We noted that informally speaking an argument has reasons and a conclusion.
Dave: And we said that when we speak formally, that is when we make an argument, we use the word premise for reason.
Nick: And the word therefore for so.
Dave: So last week we asked you to come up with other possible conclusions to this argument: My bicycle tire is flat. There is no air in it. Therefore, I must have ridden over a piece of glass. [...]